Deuteronomy 6.4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord

Deuteronomy 6. 4 "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord." The name Deuteronomy comes from the Greek word which means a second or repeated law. This book shares the last words of Moses that were probably delivered during the last seven days of his life. These words were not a mere repetition of the law, but rather an application of the law in view of the new conditions Israel would meet in Canaan, and because of the people's former disobedience.

The contents of Deuteronomy consists of three addresses of Moses, given on the plains of Moab at the close of the wilderness wanderings of Israel. In these passages Moses gives large sections of the law which had been given before, together with additions necessary to meet the new conditions. Deuteronomy also includes the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor; as well as the farewell song of blessing of Moses and the record of his death.

Deuteronomy is the last of the five books of Moses, called the Pentateuch. These God-inspired accounts, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, begin at Creation and end with the death of Moses. They detail God's covenant relationship with the Jewish people that is woven throughout the Old Testament. The Ten Commandments appear twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1-17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4-21. According to the story in Exodus, God inscribed them on two stone tablets, which he gave to Moses on Mount Sinai.